Private Well Owners, Common Water Quality Problems, Water Testing

Education Guide for Private Well Owners
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Clean Drinking Water for Private Well Owners

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Private Well Owner
Common Problems, Causes, and Solutions
The Importance of Private Well Owner Education  PA Water Quality

Private Well Water and City Water Testing Analysis
Drinking Water Help Guides
How to Shock Disinfect a Private Well or Spring


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Website Dedicated to Information and Free Resources for Private Well Owners, Evaluation of Water and Wastewater Treatment Systems, Private Well Water Testing, Pennsylvania Water Quality and Education/Outreach Programs - We Need Your Help to Spread the Word!

Mr. Brian Oram is a licensed professional geologist and soil scientist with over 25 years experience in applied earth and environmental sciences. Targeted outreach to private well owners and city water users in Pennsylvania, but we assist private water systems worldwide. 

Mr. Oram has conducted research and consulting projects related to acid mine drainage ( AMD ), mine drainage, lake and stream monitoring programs, wetland creation and monitoring, filtration plant performance evaluations, testing new point of use water treatment devices and systems, hydrogeological evaluations, geological investigations, soils testing, soil morphological evaluations, water well drilling and construction, drinking water testing, mail order water testing kit program, private well water testing programs, and land reclamation. Mr. Oram has also been involved with Citizen Monitoring and other Environmental Training Programs for groups within the United States, Europe, and even the former Soviet Union.

The main reason is that most private wells and small water systems are not regulated by the EPA or the DEP in a given state and in Pennsylvania about 50% of private wells produce water that does not meet a primary health standard, i.e., Could Make the Well Owner Sick.  Therefore, it is up to the individual private well owner to ensure that the water is safe. This website has been up and running for over 25 years with the primary mission of providing free information on this topic to well owners.  We have had over 1,400,000 + unique visitors and many private well owners from throughout the world use this portal.  

In Pennsylvania, we have found that typically at least 10 % of private well have one or more of these problems:
a. Low pH / corrosive water
b. Elevated Iron and/or Manganese
c. Elevated Bacteria (Actually it is 40 % to 50% for this parameter)

Less than 5 % of private wells have problems with methane gas, barium, alpha/beta, and other contaminants that would suggest a saline water source.  In the middle, we have found about 5 to 10% may have problems with copper, lead, arsenic, and plasticizers. 

Note- There are over 1 million private wells in Pennsylvania. Assume 3 citizens per household and 50 % of households having contaminated water, this means that 1.5 million citizens of the Commonwealth are Drinking Water that could make them SICK - This is a Health Crisis!   It is time to ACT.    We know this information because of the hundreds of private well owners that have released their information to the Citizen Groundwater Database.

To Act, we recommend the following:

1. Get Educated and Informed.
2. Get Your Water Tested
3. Work as a Community to Develop Local and State Solutions

If you are in Pennsylvania, you can contribute to the Citizen Groundwater Database and help track change for FREE and if you would like to learn about our Natural Gas Related Information.  If you want to learn about "Fracking" - We Offer these two articles "Words Matter", "243 Cases in NEPA- Private Wells"  and "Baseline Testing is Not Just about Collecting a Sample" and a Series of Online Training Courses on Fracking, please visit us at

Some Tools to Get YOU Started In Protecting Groundwater and Your Private Well
Get Your Water Tested and Take Action!

Get Your Drinking Water Tested (Water Testing) /
 Certified Baseline Testing
Common Well Water Problems - Some Examples
Contribute Data to the
Pennsylvania Groundwater Database
Community Hazard Reports
Local Groundwater Advocates/ Educators
Pennsylvania and Methane Gas Migration /
 Review of Data from Dimock, PA
OUR ONLINE Web Surveys
Pennsylvania Private Well Owners
(Make Your Opinion Count)
Individuals Outside of Pennsylvania
Community Outreach Program
Keystone Clean Water Team (501c3)

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PA Guide to Drinking
Water (2012), 2nd Edition

& Free PDF Version of the First Edition
Pennsylvania Environmental Solutions - OUR BLOG

Keystone Clean Water Team - Blog

Problems with Your Drinking Water
Go To Our Helpguide
Most Common Program - Total Coliform Bacteria Positive

Our Video Section with Case Studies