Special Report #3: Lead In Drinking Water - Is There Lead In My Drinking Water ?
Is there lead in my drinking water? Lead can be harmful to your health, but just how harmful depends on how much lead gets into your body, your health, and where the lead becomes stored in your body. This website provides information about lead in drinking water. If you are looking to get lead, metal, and corrosive water testing done on your drinking water - send your information to the Water Guy (Mr. Brian Oram, PG) (please include the source of your water and any specific concerns).
Lead The Concern:
Lead is a toxic metal that is harmful to human health; there is NO safe level for lead exposure. The degree of exposure depends on the concentration of lead, route of exposure (air, water, food), current medical condition, and age. It has been estimated that up to 20 % of the total lead exposure in children can be attributed to a waterborne route, i.e., consuming contaminated water. In addition, infants, fetuses, and young children are particularly vulnerable to lead poisoning. This is because they usually consume more water and their bodies are actively developing, which facilitates the bioaccumulation of lead.
The Lead Source- One Source Drinking Water:
Drinking water is only one of the possible routes of exposure to lead contamination, but it is one of the easiest routes of contamination to reduce. The primary route for lead poisoning in drinking water is not old contamination of the water by leaded fuels, old batteries or some hazardous waste site, the primary route is the distribution system used to carry water to your home and more importantly the plumbing within your home. That is right: YOUR household plumbing may be the cause for lead in your drinking water. In older homes, lead was used to make the piping and/or solder. In homes, built prior to 1930’s water pipes were primarily made from lead. These pipes can be identified because the piping tends to have a dull gray color, can be scratched with a key, and a magnet will not stick to the piping. In buildings built between the 1930’s and early 1980’s, copper pipes were often used, but the solder contained elevated levels of lead. This does not mean that a newer home is safe from lead contamination; in fact, the available data suggests that buildings less than 5 years old can have high levels of lead. In fact, buildings built prior to 1986 likely contain some lead plumbing. Prior to 2014, the legal definition for "lead free" was plumbing fixtures with a lead content of less than 8 %. In 2014, the term was redefined to include only fixtures with a lead content of 0.25% and newly installed fixtures must use the "lead free" materials, but this did not apply to fixtures currently in use.
Water Quality as it relates to Lead:
The water quality of your drinking water can have a great impact on the lead level of your water. If your water is soft or corrosive, this type of water can accelerate the leaching of lead and copper and other metals from your household plumbing and water fixtures. The signs of this type of problem would include: greenish rings (copper) around basins, metallic or bitter taste to your water especially in the mornings, and frequent leaks/ evidence of corrosion of you household plumbing.
If you suspect that your water contains lead, it needs to be analyzed by a certified laboratory, not someone giving a free analysis to sell you some type of treatment systems. You can usually receive a free listing of commercial laboratories from your local county health department or state department of environmental protection. Have you water evaluated for lead, the certified laboratory should request a first draw, after flushing take a second sample and provide you with sampling instructions and containers. At this time, I would also recommend that you have the samples tested for copper and at least one of the samples tested for pH, alkalinity, calcium hardness, chloride, sulfate, and total dissolved solids, plus have the laboratory calculate a corrosivity index. If the water has an odor or there are slime coatings, you may need to test the bacterial quality of the water and have a slime bacteria test conducted. It is possible, the water is chemically and biologically corrosive and maybe you have MIC (Microbiologically Induced Corrosion) problem.
Action - I think I have a Problem:
In the interim, you may be able to flush the water lines to reduce the level of lead in the water. Overnight, the water reacts with the piping and leaches lead and other metals out of the piping or solder. Depending on the amount of lead solder in your home, it may be possible to install a neutralizer. An acid neutralizer would react with the corrosive elements of your water rather than permitting the water to react with the piping. In more extreme cases, it may be necessary to replace some or all of the plumbing with copper lines using a low/no lead solder.
Hot water usually contains more lead than cold water. Therefore, use cold water when making baby formula and cooking. When considering a point-of-use treatment system, please keep in mind that most systems are certified assuming the water has been treated to or very near potable water quality standards. A carbon or particulate filter does not remove all the lead from the water, but some carbon block systems have been certified for lead reduction, see NSF. A water softener may reduce the level of lead, but if a the water is overly softened it may become corrosive and leach lead from the piping and solder.
Primary treatment options for lead:
1) Corrosion control and piping upgrades
Other Reports are available for FREE.
Water Testing Services
Online Training Courses
Water Research Center
...In Drinking Water